Orthodontics deals with aligning the teeth and jaws to improve one's smile and oral health.
An orthodontist will often recommend «braces» or Invisalign to improve a person's dental appearance. Through orthodontics, problems like crooked or crowded teeth, overbites or underbites, incorrect jaw position, and disorders of the jaw joints can often be corrected.
Patients with orthodontic problems can benefit from treatment at nearly any age. An ideal time is around 10 to 14, while the head and mouth are still growing and teeth are easier to move. Because changes in facial appearance can be traumatic to a child during these sensitive years, parents should discuss the matter with them before any work is done. Braces aren't just for kids—more and more adults are wearing them to fix minor and major problems and to improve their smiles.
Your orthodontist will know what appliance is best for your particular problem, but patients often have a choice. Braces generally come in several varieties: the most popular type are brackets, metal or plastic, that are bonded to teeth and are far less noticeable. Molar teeth are often «banded,» that is, a continuous ring is placed around the tooth for greater security. Тhe more complicated your problem and the older you are, the longer the period of treatment. Most patients can count on wearing full braces between 18 and 30 months, followed by wearing retainers to stabilize the correction.
The interconnecting wires are usually tightened at each visit, putting mild pressure on the brackets or bands. Your teeth and jaws may feel slightly sore after each visit, but the discomfort is brief and usually mild, similar to wearing a new pair of shoes. Keep in mind that some teeth may be extracted to make room for the remaining teeth.
At US Dental Care you can also try Invisalign—a revolutionary system in orthodontic treatment. Invisalign gradually moves your teeth through a series of custom-made, removable, nearly invisible aligners and is an attractive alternative to braces.