Orthodontics is one of many dental specialties. The word «orthodontics» is derived from the Greek words orthos, meaning proper or straight and odons meaning teeth.
Orthodontics is specifically concerned with diagnosing and treating tooth misalignment and irregularity in the jaw area. Initially, orthodontic treatments were geared toward the treatment of teens and pre-teens, but these days around 30 percent of orthodontic patients are adults.
Which conditions can be treated with orthodontic treatment?
Anteroposterior deviations – The discrepancy between a pair of closed jaws is known as an anteroposterior discrepancy or deviation. An example of such a discrepancy would be an overbite (where the upper teeth are further forward than the lower teeth), or an underbite (where the lower teeth are further forward then the upper teeth).
Overcrowding – Overcrowding is a common orthodontic problem. It occurs when there is an insufficient space for the normal growth and development of adult teeth.
Aesthetic problems – A beautiful straight smile may be spoilt by a single misaligned tooth. This tooth can be realigned with ease and accuracy by the orthodontist.
Alternatively, orthodontists can also work to reshape and restructure the lips, jaw or the face.
FIXED ORTHODONTIC BRACES — A metal or ceramic dental base is affixed to each tooth, and a dental wire is inserted through each base.
REMOVABLE APPLIANCES — Headgear that correct overbites, facemasks — to correct an underbite, and Hawley retainers.
INVISALIGN — treatment consists of a series of custom-made aligning trays.
TMJ — Tempro-mandibular Joint disfunction can be misalignment of teeth or ‘bad bite’.
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